Additional qualitative and quantitative research is needed on prostate cancer in gay and bisexual men. Such research needs to conceptualize social support networks broadly and inclusively, and should focus on the relationship between social support and patient outcomes. This study was conducted with funding from the National Cancer Institute grant number: CA; PI: National Center for Biotechnology Information , U.
Author manuscript; available in PMC Nov 1.
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Benjamin D. William G. Simon Rosser. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Corresponding Author: Copyright notice. See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Abstract Objective Prostate cancer, the second most common cancer among men, typically onsets in middle or older age.
Methods This study used qualitative data from in-depth, semi-structured, one-on-one telephone interviews with 30 GBMPCa recruited from a national cancer support group network, Malecare. Results GBMPCa reported help from friends, family parents, siblings , ex-partners, and paid caregivers. Conclusions GBMPCa received variable, but generally low, social support during diagnosis and treatment and from a diverse social network, including a prominence of friends and family.
Background Prostate cancer PCa is the second most common cancer among men,[ 1 ] and, like other cancers, typically requires extensive social support. Methods This study used a qualitative design—specifically, one-on-one telephone interviews—and was oriented by a thematic analysis[ 26 ] The study was approved by the University of Minnesota Institutional Review Board S Open in a separate window. Data Collection After a series of demographic questions collected by online survey, the semi-structured interviews covered several domains along the timeline of diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation.
Data Analysis Data analysis was informed by thematic analysis approaches[ 26 ]. Social support across the treatment timeline Unmet needs A number of men who did not have access to a gay support group, locally, reported wanting it. Social Network for Support Before Treatment Help from others in their social networks ranged from very involved to uninvolved. Social Support During Treatment Instrumental support During treatment, men undertaking radiation and other treatments reported little instrumental support and less than to men with surgery.
Support Network for Instrumental Support Most of the partnered men who had surgery got instrumental caregiving from their partners. Emotional support Emotional support represented the next most common component of social support during treatment. Strengths and Weaknesses Although our goal was not to sample stratified by race or sexual orientation, we caution saturation was not reached across race or sexual orientation and have not made explicit comparisons of differences in by these factors. Acknowledgments Sponsors: References 1.
Cancer statistics, A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. Paterson C, et al.
- Caregiving and Social Support for Gay and Bisexual Men with Prostate Cancer.
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What is the mechanism effect that links social support to coping and psychological outcome within individuals affected by prostate cancer? Real time data collection using mobile technology.
Eur J Oncol Nurs. Exploring the relationship between coping, social support and health-related quality of life for prostate cancer survivors: Benedict C, et al. Positive and negative mood in men with advanced prostate cancer undergoing androgen deprivation therapy: Colloca G, Colloca P.
J Cancer Educ. Blank TO. Gay men and prostate cancer: J Clin Oncol. Quinn GP, et al. The effects of attachment and outness on illness adjustment among gay men with prostate cancer. Compton DLR. The Family and Gay Men and Lesbians. Baumle AK, editor. International Handbook on the Demography of Sexuality. Springer; New York: Feinberg L, et al. Insight on the Issues. Valuing the Invaluable: NAC , N. Caregiving in the US, Patterson CJ.
Family Relationships of Lesbians and Gay Men. Journal of Marriage and Family. Oswald RF. Resilience within the family networks of lesbians and gay men: Intentionality and redefinition. Jan M, et al.
The roles of stress and social support in prostate cancer mortality. Scand J Urol. Kroenke CH, et al. Social networks, social support, and survival after breast cancer diagnosis. Measuring social support: J Behav Med. Berkman LF. Social Work in Health Care. Social integration, social networks, social support and health. Berkman LF, Kawachi I, editors. Social epidemiology. House JS, et al. Measures and concepts of social support. Syme SCSL, editor. Down Low Pop-culture term used to describe men who identify as heterosexual but engage in sexual activity with other men.
Often these men are in committed sexual relationships or marriages with a female partner. This term is almost exclusively used to describe men of color. Drag queens typically have everyday lives as men.
Drag shows are popular in some gay, lesbian, and bisexual environments. Unless they are drag performers, most Trans people would be offended by being confused with drag queens or drag kings. In contemporary contexts, lesbian n. This is often paired with hormone treatment and psychological assistance. Also straight. Homosexual see Offensive Terms to Avoid Outdated clinical term considered derogatory and offensive by many gay and lesbian people.
Homophobia Fear of lesbians and gay men. Prejudice is usually a more accurate description of hatred or antipathy toward LGBT people. Completely Homosexual.